Essentials of Water Management
Water is one of the prime elements responsible for life on earth. It covers two thirds of the earth’s surface making it an abundant natural resource entirely essential for the sustenance of all life on earth. Thus, to conserve the essentials resource, extreme measures have to be implemented globally to ensure that life on earth consumes pure water and ensure that this prime resource does not deplete. This can only happen through the essentials of water management.
We all need to conserve water because as many presume, it is not an abundant resource. There are measures which are needed to ensure that water is continually available to all.
Firstly, it is paramount to create global awareness on the importance of water to both flora and fauna to every individual by involving them in the conservation of this resource. Various non-governmental organizations, partnering with numerous companies and individuals, have been formed and have invested time and resources to make this a primary goal.
Governing bodies too have to take initiatives to educate everyone, from the young children to the adults and also to people in urban areas to the grass roots. It is only by working together that all measures of water management can be implemented and observed.
Protection of Water Catchment Areas
Conserving the forests is necessary in the management of water. Forests have been known to largely influence rain which enables the agricultural sectors to flourish. Some human activities, fueled by greed, have influenced illegal activities such as illegal lumbering or the development of private structures in forested areas. This leaves a once thriving forest to become a dry an arid area incapable of sustaining life.
Deforestation decreases forest cover which protects lesser vegetation from strong winds and the scorching sun. Without cover the vegetation dries out and withers thus the occurrence of aridity and desertification. All nations should develop policies to restrict illegal activities and also protect such areas by reforestation.
Understand the co-independence of the flora and the fauna is very important. It leads to a harmonious co-existence. Humans and animals breathe in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide whereas trees and other plants breathe in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen. When the forests dwindle, the carbon dioxide saturation in the air builds up polluting the atmosphere becoming hazardous for humans and animals. If the forests continue to deplete and the carbon dioxide increases in the atmosphere it causes catastrophic events such as the down pour of acid rain. This kind of rain poisons the remaining vegetation causing withering and death.
Such events lead to global warming. This occurs through extensive saturation of carbon dioxide causing the atmosphere to become warmer, leading to extensive climatic changes resulting in desertification through unpredictable weather patterns. This introduces peril to humans, animals and plants since the environment is subjected to dry spells from the lack of rain and dry winds. As the situation deteriorates, some water bodies and rivers dry up leading to the death of water organisms and some of the animals that rely on them.
In industrialized areas, it is common for some factories to dump harmful waste products into the water without the consideration of the repercussions. As these waste products spill into the water, they poison aquatic animals and all they vegetation thriving from this water. Eventually, some of the animals and humans feeding from these crops or drink from the waters of the polluted rivers suffer from chronic ailments or succumb to the toxic water and die.
Governing bodies should establish strict measures to curb these illegal activities by monitoring the type of waste disposed, the various ways in which the waste was disposed and where it is disposed. It should also involve the particular community to follow up on this activities and keep watch to eradicate these uncouth actions.
Proper Water Recycling in Sewage System
The disposal of waste material such as sewage, mostly in urban areas, should be developed and managed. This means the waste should be properly disposed through secure drainage systems to a sewage treating plant, away from the civilization. The waste material offers a conducive environment for harmful bacteria and other organisms to thrive but if exposed to humans and animals can lead to a vast spreading epidemic. By checking the integrity and maintenance of the drainage systems, one can ensure the waste product or flood waters are efficiently drained away from inhabited areas.
There are also rare cases of certain communities dumping trash and non-biodegradable materials into rivers, lakes or the ocean. This too carries dire consequences since some of the materials pollute the water suffocating marine life and other animals as well. The aftermath leads back to the community which solely depend on the water for sustenance. It only appropriate to dump such materials in the appropriate manner and in the appropriate place. This practice should involve all governing bodies and all parties concerned.
It is right to say water is life and conserving this prime resource should be given the attention and appreciation it solely deserves to continue the harmonious co-existence of life.